Rob Grace - April 21, 2014

A seemingly historically unprecedented development has been taking shape within the past few years in the domain of international humanitarian law (IHL). For perhaps the first time in history, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), scholars, human rights advocates, and policy actors have been engaging in discussions and debates about the legal and ethical implications of the military use of technology that does not yet exist. In recent months, for example, the use of autonomous weapons systems has been the focus of events convened by the American Society of International Law (ASIL) and Chatham House. A recent issue of the International Review of the Red Cross — titled, “New technologies and warfare” — also examined this topic in depth.

Some existing weapons systems already function with a certain degree of autonomy. For example more...

ATHA - April 10, 2014

Many of those who participated in our recent Humanitarian Assistance Webcast, On the Basis of Humanitarian Need? The Confounding of Operational Decision Making, submitted questions that we were unable to address during the event due to time constraints. However, these questions were far too important and thought-provoking to leave unanswered. In this light, we asked one of the event's panelists, Lars Peter Nissen, to address the questions. His responses are below. -HPCR & ATHA

Wahidullah from Canada comments: "In Pakistan several agencies conducted EMMA to help inform their programming. Most of the agencies were late to respond to the needs of the affected population in 2010 flood. The assesment took forever and most of the agencies started their response at least 2 months after the more...


Q from Tensai in the United States: What are your tangible suggestions for improving negotiations with Syrian government for cross border access, and why do you believe that greater pressure from OCHA and ICRC would yield results?­

With regard to the question of access, the main challenge faced by aid organizations in Syria is not the improvement of their relationship with the Syrian government. It is rather to gain leverage over the Syrian government in order to obtain a formal or de facto acceptance of cross border operations. The first tangible step in that direction is to publicly acknowledge, as Valerie Amos and John Ging did, the failure of the current aid operations to reach all those in need, especially in rebel held areas, and the necessity for cross border access.

To me, alerting more...

ATHA - April 24, 2013

Q: In 2011 Islamic Relief announced an adjustment in its strategy to better address to root causes of poverty, build local capacity of communities, and confront inequalities. Particularly given the October threats of Al Shaabab in Somalia, do you anticipate this new strategic approach shifting the way that Islamic Relief is viewed in the field or impacting it’s access?

A: Islamic Relief came up with a strategic road map to interlink relief and recovery efforts through defining the programmatic linkages, between response and development, for Somalia. Islamic Relief has been using the recovery road map for guiding its programmatic engagement in Somalia as well as for advocacy with donors and wider stakeholders. Together with our partners we launched our suggested alternative ways of doing things in more...


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